Markings and camouflage

21 September 1944


From Luftflotte 4, Ops. Abt. (Roman) I No. 2345 IA/Air dated 21/9 to:

GAF Liaison Officer with Army Group South Ukraine

“ " " with Army Group Fretter-Pico

“ " " with Army Group Heinrici

“ " " with 8. Army

“ " " with 2. Hungarian Army

Copy to: Luftflotte Reich, Luftflotte 6, Lw.Kdo. Südost, (Roman) I. Fliegerkorps, Komm. Gen. der Deutschen Luftwaffe in Ungarn, 15. Flakdivision, OC Luftflotte Transport Einsatzstab Banat, Liaison Detachment of Luftflotte 4 with Royal Hungarian 102. Flieg. Brig., 3.(F)/1221, 1.(F)/Nacht, Wekusta 76, Schleppgruppe 2, TG 3:

The enemy is operating German a/c types on the Rumanian front, partly with German markings. In order to identify with certainty our own a/c, the following additional identity marking in “yellow paint” is ordered for the area of Luftflotte 4, for operational a/c Me 109, Fw 190, Ju 87, Ju 88, Ju 188, Hs 129, He 171+ and Do 217:

1) Round the fuselage in front of the ailerons £Höhenflosse£ a ring 40 cm. wide.

2) Under the left wing, the entire wing depth a “V” open in the direction of flight with a 45º angle and a leg breadth of 25 cm. The legs of the open “V” are to be extended over the leading edge to a depth of 60 cm., so that recognition is also possible from above.

The prescribed identification is to be brought into use forthwith. Completion is to be reported by 25/9/0400 hrs. From then onwards up to 30 km. distance from the front “open fire” on all named a/c without the new marking (order follows).

Lw.Kdo. Südost is requested to associate itself with this regulation on the Rumanian front.

NOTES: + Not previously reported by source. Presumably error for He 111.

NOTE: In 1) above Höhenflosse should have been translated as tailplane, not ailerons.


22 September 1944


From GAMPY ((Luftflotte 4)) GAVAK ((Ops. Dept IA)), signed Angebauer, Major im Genst. No. 2354 (IA Air), dated early 22/9:

On the Rumanian front, the enemy is operating German a/c, in some cases with German markings. In order that our own a/c may be certainly identified, the following additional recognition marking in yellow paint is ordered for operational a/c of the types Bf 109, Fw 190, Ju 87, Ju 88, Ju 188, Hs 129, He 111 and Do 217 in the sphere of command of Luftflotte 4:

1) A ring 40 cm. wide around the fuselage in front of the wings.

2) On the lower side of the port wing, the whole width of the wing, a V open towards the direction of flight, with an angle of 45 degrees and with arms 25 cm. broad. The arms of this open V are to be carried over the leading edge of the wing for a distance of 60 cm., so that recognition is also possible from above.

This painting to be done at once. Report completion by 0400/25/9. From that time on, fire may be opened at a distance of 30 km. from the front on all of the above types of a/c which do not carry the new marking.

26 September 1944

REF 103


(Instructions for additional a/c markings as result of enemy operating German a/c on Rumanian front)

Source has seen almost identical document from Flak Regt. 201, IA No. 255, via Athens, to 6./Flak Abt. 891 Coos [Kos], dated 26/9:

It contained identical instructions for giving additional recognition markings in yellow paint for guaranteeing the recognition of own a/c in sphere of command of GAF General in Greece. Additional types CR 42, Hs 126.

29 September 1944


From GHQ LXVIII Army Corps, IA, No. 1034, to Island Commandants Milos and Syros, dated 29/9:

1) The enemy is operating German aircraft types, partly with German markings.

2) Bf 109, Fw 190, Ju 87, 88, 188, He. [sic] 1(digit illegible)9, 111, Do 217, CR 42 and Hs 126 will be given additional markings.

a) (smudge) open “V” in yellow.

3) Up to a distance of 50 km. from the front may be fired on by all weapons.

4) Only open fire when identification is certain.

5) Distribute this information down to companies.

NOTE: Compare somewhat similar orders by Luftflotte 4 on 21/9 (MSS/T318/64).


The yellow "V" marking of Luftflotte 4

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