With the German position in Normandy collapsing, orders were given that the Nineteenth Army should withdraw north before it was cut off from friendly forces in Northern France and from Germany itself. One of DRAGOON’s aims had been to pin down forces in the South, so they could not reinforce the defence of Normandy but within four days of the landings this had become superfluous. The withdrawal order was intercepted and swiftly deciphered.

The Luftwaffe was pulling out too. At Lajasse the Platzkommando was to withdraw after completing destruction of the landing field, runways, installations and any bombs and equipment which could not be transported away. In the woods northwest of Marseille, Major Wenze, CO of 536. Heavy Flak Abteilung, ordered all his unit's radar gear blown up. Jafü Südfrankreich was transferring his HQ to Metz and JGr. 200 was also meant to move there. By the morning of the 19th, 18 aircraft of I./KG 26 had landed at Lyon-Bron and a chateau had been requisitioned for the Geschwaderstab. At 11.00 hours the Gruppe was reporting (with reference to the previous night?) that no operation had been possible because there was no assisted take-off gear or torpedoes on the airfield. The crews themselves were too tired to transfer to an advanced landing ground, having had no rest in the last few days. Lyon-Bron also signalled 1.(F)/33 to send a crew to collect a Ju 88, 8H+LH. The Arado 196s of2./SAGr. 128 were ordered to the same destination by way of Lyon.

Signed IA Ops, stamped 0820 [GMT]/19/8:

Second/128 will transfer immediately with all its elements to Friedrichshafen. Flying elements will go via Lyon and ground elements by road. Report dispatch.

NOTE: Seenotstaffel 1 had likewise been ordered to withdraw from Biscarosse on the Atlantic coast to Friedrichshafen on the 19th. An intercepted signal revealed that Do 24 WNr. 1101 and 1007 had collided while taxying, suffering damage of 35–40% and 65% respectively and could not be repaired; Bréguets W.Nr. 12 and 2 were to take off on the morning of the 20th for Friedrichshafen however. The stricken Dorniers were scuttled but in 1980 divers established that they had been W4+BH (W.Nr. 1007) and W4+DH (W.Nr. 1101)

The ground elements of the "Divisional Staff" (presumably of Fl.Div. 2) were trying to move up the Rhône Valley from Valence but at 03.00 hours signalled II./KG 26 that they were held up fighting "terrorists" on the northern edge of Châteaubourg (8 km. south of Tournon sur Rhône). The sender called for help at dawn from two lorries with arms and rations and 80–100 men. At 09.30 hours a signal asked when the lorries had been dispatched and called for urgent urgent help .

The Germans had not entirely given up however. At 08.10, three of JGr. 200's Bf 109s took off to make WGr. 21 mortar attacks on guerillas in the Vallon area, one of their number being posted missing, and half an hour later the Y-Service heard an enemy patrol reporting Allied aircraft in Rhône Valley area. Twelve Bf 109s of II./JG 77 reconnoitred along the coast and may well have been the aircraft encountered north of the beach head by P-47s of the USAAF's 86th Fighter Bomber Group at 09.15. JG 77 had sent another Schwarm at midday on a reconnaissance between Digne and Grasse but they broke off in the face of Allied fighters.

During the day Allied carrier-borne aircraft claimed 5-0-1 enemy bombers (the USN Official History speaks of a Do 217, an He 111 and three Ju 88s destroyed) and casualties were reported by KG 26: five NCO's killed from the I. Gruppe; nine dead, two wounded, another wounded and taken prisoner. It is not however clear which of these claims were in the air and which on the ground.

There was some early evening activity when radio monitors heard tactical reconnaissance aircraft off Cap Corse and a lone Bf 109 was sighted but not engaged just east of Teyran. An order was intercepted (believed to be from 2. Fl.Div. to KG 77) for a twilight operation that night "with all forces" against the same target area as on the 17th. At 20.43 hours, a single aircraft approached CAMEL Beach at 1,500-2,000 ft. and dropped a stick of seven or eight anti-personnel bombs in the vicinity of four vessels in the inner screen. The bombs exploded 20 ft. above the water without causing damage or casualties. Shortly afterward USS Brooklyn tracked two groups of aircraft searching the area for about an hour but at no time did they come within 10 miles of Allied night fighters.

During the evening, Stab KG 26, ground personnel and elements of the II. Gruppe arrived in Lyon from Valence to join I./26; the information was given out that Fl.Div. 2 was transferring to Lyon and Jafü Süd had now arrived in Metz. It seems also that some aircraft of II./JG 77 may have left France during the day since 5. Staffel's Uffz. Helmut Oettel (Bf 109 G-6, W.Nr. 163210 “black 3”) crashed and was killed south of Pavia, Italy.

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odplate Next Top Back Appendices One (3 pages) and Two Pull-out and aftermath Aug23 Aug22 21￐23 August 1944 20 August 1944 19 August 1944 18 August 1944 (page 1 of 2) 17 August 1944 (page 1 of 2) 16 August 1944 (page 1 pf 2) D-Day 15 August 1944 (page 1 of 3) Before D-Day (page 1 of 5) Introduction Preface homelink