UK National Archives: RAF Wing and Squadron Operations Record Books and pilots’ sortie reports; daily intelligence/operations summaries of the Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force and Mediterranean Allied Coastal Air Force; ULTRA decrypts for February, March and April 1944; MAAF Signals Intelligence material; prisoner of war interrogation reports; German service personnel death registration cards at

Loss data for I./JG 2 via the late Ferdinando D’Amico.

Other Luftwaffe claim and loss data from J. Richard Smith and Eddie J. Creek; Winfried Bock and Arno Abendroth via the alte Ferdinando D’Amico.

Information on USAAF claims and losses; on the loss of an Auster of No. 655 Squadron; and the crash-landing of 4./JG 2's Oblt. Schneider kindly contributed by Christopher Shores from his own extensive researches into the Mediterranean Air War.

Assistance on many points from members of the 12 o’clock high forum:

Daily situation reports from OB Südwest at Canadian Department of National Defence, Directorate of History and Heritage: Kardex system: reels T-2405 and T-2406:

Listings of USAAF Missing Air Crew Reports:

Online USAAF MACRs at

Tony Wood’s listings of accredited Luftwaffe victory claims:

321st Bombardment Group operational diary:

Extract from the Flugbuch of Ofw. Fritz Hartmann from Phil Irwin.

Extract from the Flugbuch of Uffz. Walter Sauder from Erik Mombeeck.

Information on Siegfried Lemke from Neil Page and Erik Mombeeck.

Extracts from the 347th Fighter Squadron USAAF, Outline History, April 1944 via Ferdinando D’Amico.

Carlo D’Este, Fatal Decision: Anzio and the Battle for Rome (Fontana, 1992) ISBN 0 00 637926 5

Wolfgang Fischer: Luftwaffe Fighter Pilot (Grub Street, 2010) ISBN 978-1906502836

Tom Ivie and Paul Ludwig: Spitfires And Yellow Tail Mustangs: The 52nd Fighter Group in World War Two (Hikoki Publications Ltd., Crowborough, 2005) ISBN 1 902109 43 0.

Ernest R. McDowell and William N. Hess: Checkertail Clan: The 325th Fighter Group in North Africa and Italy by (Aero Publishers, 1969).

Jochen Prien: Chronik des Jagdgeschwaders 53 Teil 3 (Stuve Druck, Eutin, 1991) and Chronik des Jagdgeschwaders 77 Teil IV (Stuve Druck, Eutin, 1995).

Jochen Prien, Gerhard Stemmer, Winfried Bock, Ulf Balke: Die Jagdfliegerverbände der Dt. Luftwaffe 1934-1945, Bd. 14. Einsatz im Mittelmeer 1.1. bis 15.9.1944 (Rogge, 2021) ISBN 3942943247

Christopher Shores: USAAF Fighter Units MTO 1942–45 (Osprey Publishing Ltd., 1978).

Christopher Shores, Giovanni Massimello, Russell Guest, Frank Olynyk, Winfried Bock and Andy Thomas: A History of the Mediterranean Air War 1940–45, Volume Four (Grub Street, 2018) ISBN 9781911621102

Andrew Thomas: American Spitfire Aces of World War 2 (Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2007) ISBN 13: 978 1 84603 202 8


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